An Introduction to Contemporary Political Theory by Colin Farrelly

By Colin Farrelly

`This textual content offers an up-to-the-minute account of the way issues at present stand in political philosophy, and may offer a good creation for college kids from any history. It provides a lucid and cautious account of the principal controversies and websites of confrontation in political thought over the past thirty years and instead of sacrifice theoretical sophistication and nuance for the sake of readability and accessibility, it admirably achieves either' - Catriona McKinnon, college of YorkThis accomplished textbook presents a whole and obtainable advent to the most theorists and concerns in modern political thought this present day. The textual content is equipped into significant components. the 1st, modern Liberal conception, outlines 4 exact liberal theories of justice to introduce the paintings of Rawls, Nozick, Gauthier and Dworkin. the second one, substitute Traditions, introduces the theorists and issues linked to 4 key components of latest debate: communitarianism, multiculturalism, deliberative democracy and feminism. via giving scholars questions for attention and utilizing utilized examples all through, the textual content illustrates the sensible relevance of latest theoretical debates to daily concerns in coverage and politics. the result's a vital evaluate of the entire major traditions, concerns and positions in political idea this present day that might function a useful source for all scholars of up to date political idea, political principles and political philosophy. Colin Farrelly is Assistant Professor within the division of Political technological know-how on the collage of Waterloo, Canada. advent to modern Political idea will supplement modern Political idea: A Reader edited by way of Colin Farrelly and likewise released by way of SAGE guides.

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In such a society the duty to comply with laws/policies enacted by a legislative majority can conflict with the right to defend one’s liberties and the duty to oppose injustice. When such a conflict arises which duty should prevail? Rawls outlines a theory of civil disobedience in an attempt to shed some light on this question. At first one may be surprised by the suggestion that a theory of justice should even consider the question of when the duty to comply with majority rule should be overridden.

The first country decides to industrialize and to increase its rate of saving while the second country does not. The second country prefers a more leisurely society and, being content with the way things are, it does not adopt the changes that the other society opts for. In time the first country becomes twice as rich as the second country. Now, according to Beitz’s argument, claims Rawls, a global egalitarian principle requires there always be a flow of taxes between the two countries as long as the wealth of one people is less than that of another.

Any interference with the civil liberties of others tends to obscure the civilly disobedient quality of one’s act’ (Rawls, 1999: 321). The nonviolent nature of the act, coupled with the public nature of the act and the willingness to accept the legal consequences of one’s conduct, expresses one’s fidelity to the law. What makes an act of civil disobedience political is not simply the fact that it is addressed to the majority that holds political power, but that it is guided and justified by political principles.

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