By J. Randolph Kissell;Robert L. Ferry
Technical suggestions and concept for designing aluminum structuresAluminum buildings, moment variation demonstrates how robust, light-weight, corrosion-resistant aluminum opens up a complete new global of layout chances for engineering and structure execs. Keyed to the revised Specification for Aluminum buildings of the 2000 variation of the Aluminum layout guide, it presents quickly look-up tables for layout calculations; examples of lately outfitted aluminum structures-from structures to bridges; and a comparability of aluminum to different structural fabrics, quite metal.
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Extra info for Aluminum Structures: A Guide to Their Specifications and Design
T2 Cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process, cold-worked, and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition. Applies to products that are cold-worked to improve strength after cooling from an elevated temperature shaping process, or in which the effect of cold work in ﬂattening or straightening is recognized in mechanical property limits. T3 Solution heat-treated, cold-worked, and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition. Applies to products that are cold-worked to improve strength after solution heat treatment, or in which the effect of cold work in ﬂattening or straightening is recognized in mechanical property limits, for example, 2024-T3 sheet.
This designation is speciﬁc only when the period of natural aging is indicated, for example, W –12 hour. T Thermally treated to produce stable tempers other than F, O, or H. Applies to products that are thermally treated, with or without supplementary strain-hardening, to produce stable tempers. The ‘‘T’’ is always followed by one or more numbers. Strain-Hardened Tempers For strain-hardened tempers, the ﬁrst digit of the number following the ‘‘H’’ denotes: H1 Strain-hardened only. Applies to products that are strain-hardened to obtain the desired strength without supplementary thermal treatment.
Some of these standing seam products are used as structural members to span between roof purlins. 5 Aluminum curtain wall on the Alcoa Building. (Courtesy of Alcoa) 26 WHAT IS ALUMINUM? 6 Custom-extruded aluminum framing supporting a glass wall. 5 STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS OF ALUMINUM 27 spouts on buildings. Patio and pool enclosures and canopies and awnings are also frequently constructed of aluminum for its ease of fabrication and corrosion resistance. 7). 8). Floating roofs with aluminum pontoons and aluminum sheet decks are used to minimize evaporation of volatile liquids in tanks.