By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the most up-to-date, groundbreaking archaeological examine, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the historical past of historical Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the good within the fourth century BCE till the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological proof with historical literary assets (including the Bible) to supply a sustained review of the tumultuous highbrow and non secular alterations that impacted international background in the course of the Greco-Roman period.
The authors reveal how the transformation of the traditional close to East lower than the effect of the Greeks after which the Romans ended in foundational alterations in either the cloth and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule by means of the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire supply a heritage for the emergence of Christianity. The authors notice within the archaeological checklist how Judaism and Christianity have been nearly undistinguishable for hundreds of years, until eventually the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The in simple terms book-length evaluation on hand that specializes in the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this complete and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new gentle at the lands of the Bible.
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Additional resources for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
3. Three Ptolemaic coins struck in port cities of Israel. At left, a silver tetradrachm of Ptolemy II, minted at Gaza, with a portrait of Ptolemy I on the obverse. Center, a gold octodrachm of Ptolemy III, minted at Joppa, with a depiction of Arsinoe II (mother of Ptolemy II) on the obverse. ), minted at Dor. (Copyright David Hendin, used by permission) ence during the Persian period, when Persian oπcials kept a safe distance from the local population and in no way tried to impose their language or culture.
1. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. Jewish forces led by Judah and his brothers, sons of the priest Mattathias, succeeded in retaking Jerusalem and rededicating the Temple, although conﬂicts with Seleucid forces continued for decades. Eventually, the new Jewish state achieved suπcient stability and security to enjoy genuine autonomy, led by the Hasmonean dynasty, so named for the priestly ancestor Asamonaios (in Hebrew, Hashman) of Judah and his brothers (Ant. 265). The Expansion of Jewish Territory Maccabean struggles with the Seleucids were not limited to Judea proper, and Jewish forces often made major incursions into surrounding areas to the north, east, and west (ﬁg.
18 At a time when there was not yet a true belief in eternal life in Jewish society, the author writes of “futility” (1:1) and that all humanity will meet the same end (9:3–6) regardless of actions taken on earth. No doubt also inﬂuenced by the changing social and economic scene, Ecclesiastes is surely reacting to the e∫ects of the advent of hellenism the Ptolemaic domination of the local economy, which a∫ected the class structure in Palestine in a deﬁnitive way. The rise of a new middle class was among the most signiﬁcant developments.