Aiding Students, Buying Students: Financial Aid in America by Rupert Wilkinson

By Rupert Wilkinson

From the 1st scholarship donated to Harvard in 1643 to modern global of "enrollment administration" and federal delivers and loans, the writer offers a full of life social and financial historical past of the conflicting reasons of pupil reduction and makes proposals for the long run. His study for this e-book relies on files and interviews at 131 private and non-private associations around the United States.In the phrases of Joe Paul Case, Dean and Director of economic relief, Amherst university, "Wilkinson has mined the information of dozens of associations to create a mosaic that information the growth of scholar the help of the seventeenth century to the current. He provides specific awareness to the origins of need-based suggestions, from the charitable benevolence of early schools to the regulation-laden regulations of the government. He offers due attention to institutional motive--he demanding situations the egalitarian platitudes of prosperous faculties and questions the countervailing marketplace and financial forces which can imperil need-based relief at much less aggressive associations. by way of drawing on ratings of non-public interviews and exchanges of correspondence with reduction practitioners, Wilkinson fleshes out fresh many years, aiding the reader to appreciate new tendencies within the provision of aid."

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20 In all this variety, giving to student aid is part of the country’s civic tradition. It is particularly American in its individualist thrust—helping individuals to get on. So far the purposes behind student aid may seem clear enough, but motivations are not always so simple, and one motive may mask another. Since the 1950s, for example, elite-college presidents’ annual reports Setting the Record Straight 19 and fund-raising literature have often justified student aid less in terms of social justice than as a way of removing the financial barriers to getting good students and reaping the educational benefits of a diverse study student body.

Though most of it is need-related, it generally gives more help to middle-income families than federal grant aid does, but it is usually confined to students attending college in the state, whereas highly selective private colleges recruit most of their students from out of state. At these colleges, state and federal aid combined is likely to be under a tenth of all need-related grant aid received by students. 40 Public aid is still important, though, to these colleges and their students. As already mentioned, most student loans are federally sponsored.

College administrators, indeed, started referring to student employment as “self-help,” and this term came to include student loans too, as it still does in financial aid jargon. America thus developed what foreigners might call a bureaucratic double-talk: “aid” could include “self-help”! Like loans, however, student jobs have not always been celebrated. For students themselves, they were seldom joyous or prestigious. Administrators, too, have sometimes feared that heavy workloads were impairing student health and general well-being as well as academic effort.

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